The coffee bean: types, varieties, terms and how to differentiate them.
The Different Types Of Coffee Beans
Whenever you require to purchase coffee, whether, in a store or a café, you’ll be faced with an option. Normally, you’ll be able to pick between Arabica, Robusta, a mix of the two, or something less common. Nevertheless, do you know the difference between the kinds of coffee beans?
If you have unique preferences in fragrance, texture, and even price, you will not take pleasure in all kinds of coffee equally. This short article will help you find out what makes these coffee beans different.
Natural or roasted coffee
These terms refer to a roasting process that includes all existing coffee variants. The beans show up clean at the roaster as green coffee and it is this process that is key to acquiring a quality beverage. The roasting process is where the magic occurs, it is the treatment that enhances or distorts the qualities of the coffee, that is why certain procedures completely change the appearance and scent of the coffee beans and undoubtedly the taste of the subsequent cup.
The roasting procedure can be carried out without adding any extra active ingredient at the same time, with which we will get natural coffee or add sugar throughout the procedure, the result will be roasted coffee.
Variety of Types of Coffee
The first thing we must understand is the existing varieties of coffee. Coffea, a scientific term for the coffee plant, requires a very particular environment and elevation conditions for its cultivation. Due to these particular needs, coffee cultivation is restricted to areas near the equator.
Coffea has around 90 various types. In this article, we will present and recognize attributes of the four primary kinds of coffee beans currently in business flow: Arabica, Robusta, and the less typical Liberica and Excelsa coffee beans.
Arabica (Coffea arabica)
Called one of the most popular and well-recognized types of coffee beans, Arabica beans are the most typically produced variety and are considered higher quality beans. In fact, over 60% of the coffee beans in the world that are produced are Arabica range.
These beans are grown at high elevations and need to be in a location that has consistent rains and a lot of shade.
Possibly among the reasons that this is a range of coffee bean that is seen the world over is since the trees are simple to care for, they are fairly small and they are easy to prune too. Although they are fragile and can be impacted by their environment.
Higher quality Arabica beans have an intense body, possess a rewarding amount of level of acidity, and tend to have a multi-layered complexity of tastes and aromas; Arabica coffees can be finest sampled on the front taste buds (where sweet taste and salinity are most evident). For the finest outcomes when developing this coffee in the house, try to find Arabica coffee that has a complete body and lower acidity.
Keep in mind that the quality of the Arabica bean lessens when served cold or with creamer. It is best served hot, maybe brewed with the pour-over or drip coffee technique.
The Arabica coffee beans are large with a flattened and extended shape and the dividing line of the bean forms a particular S.
Robusta (Coffea canephora)
You’ve likewise probably heard of Robusta as it comes second to Arabica as the world’s most-produced coffee.
Its name is no coincidence. The Robusta varietal is incredibly tolerant of its environment and practically immune to illness. Robusta coffee can hold up against myriad elevations, however particularly needs a hot environment where rains are irregular. Robusta coffee beans have nearly double the amount of caffeine compared to Arabica beans– in fact, caffeine is what makes Robusta plants so robust! Caffeine is the plant’s self-defense against disease.
When drinking, Robusta coffee is best tested on the back palate (where bitter notes are most obvious), which offers it a heavier body. Higher quality Robusta beans have a smooth texture, low acidity, and typically have hints of chocolate-related to their taste profile.
This is the best coffee for cream and sugar lovers! A good quality Robusta will not lose taste when adding milk or sugar (making it a fantastic prospect for Vietnamese Coffee and Iced Coffee).
To differentiate a robust coffee bean, we must understand that they have a rounded shape and a somewhat darker hue, and the line that divides the bean is straight.
Liberica (Coffea liberica)
Among the hardest types of the coffee bean to come by is the Liberica bean. They are larger than the other beans and is the only one on the planet that is understood to have an irregular shape.
Liberica beans are also unique in their scent and some say that they are not just smoky, but they are fruity and floral too.
Excelsa (Coffea excelsa or Coffea liberica var. dewevrei)
Although having recently been categorized as a member of the Liberica household, the Excelsa bean is significantly various in taste when compared to the Liberica coffee bean.
Primarily discovered in the South East of Asia, it represents only around 7% of the world’s coffee.
So there you have it, a full review of the primary types of coffee.